Essential Nutrients for Birds

Malnutrition is the foremost cause of health disorders and death among birds. In the absence of proper diet, birds are vulnerable to various diseases that results in chronic illness and fatal consequences. Aside from regular exercises and activities, birds need different nutrients to sustain their daily life and maintain good health.

The Need for Essential Nutrients for Birds

Unfortunately, many bird owners are not aware of the fact that their pets need more than the usual food items in their daily diet that overwhelmingly contains birdseed, fruits, and vegetables. With many available commercial birdseed varieties lacking the quality, your pet is more likely to miss essential vitamins and minerals required to sustain their active lifestyle. Furthermore, many vegetables do not contain nutritional elements that birds can benefit from.

Some of the most important nutrients that your pet needs on daily basis include protein, enzymes, antioxidants, vitamins, minerals, essential fatty acids, and carbohydrates. Furthermore, birds need a constant supply of fresh and clean water in order to properly digest these nutrients as well as stay hydrated. They need to replenish their body fluid especially after doing tiring and strenuous activities.

Bird Seeds

Avian experts believe that if your pet bird’s diet is solely based on birdseed, he is more likely to be suffering from malnutrition. In fact, birdseed-based diet is one of the leading causes of undernourishment among birds. Most of these bird feeds contain only carbohydrates and fats. Although these substances are also important to your pet’s health, they are not enough for keeping it healthy. In addition, birdseed usually lack enough protein your pet requires to power his daily activities. Some brands, especially those that are cheap and of low quality, even do not have single speck of protein.

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Birdseed also lacks essential enzymes and anti-oxidants that birds need to build and reinforce their immunity against various health disorders. Although a few brands contain vitamin E and C, your pet bird is unlikely to stay healthy or even survive in the long run with this diet marked by inadequate nutrtion.

To get more nutrition from birdseed, always go for brands offering high-quality foods. Check the list of ingredients on the package label to confirm. Although this means spending a few more dollars, it is worth considering the health of your pet bird and the money you can save from spending on medical bills. In addition, make sure to supplement birdseed with nutritious and fresh fruits and vegetables. You can also incorporate various essential vitamins for birds readily available in local pet shops.

Pelleted Diet

Another common diet for birds is the so-called pelleted diet, which consists of bird food pellets. Although this diet contains more nutrients and minerals compared to birdseed, it is still not enough for your pet’s daily nutritional requirement. A pelleted diet is usually composed of whole protein with all essential amino acids, some plat-based minerals, and different types of vitamins including A and D.

However, this type of diet lacks essential antioxidants and enzymes that are vital in maintaining the good health of your pet. The diet also lacks enough amounts of important vitamins, such as E. To overcome the paucity of nutrients, you may feed your pet bird a regular amount of other nutritious foods along with the pelleted diet.


Providing fresh and clean water is not enough to ensure optimum support for your pet’s health. Although fresh water is essential, you should supplement it with mineral water. Regular water does not contain many minerals and vitamins essential for your pet’s health. According to a study conducted by the World Health Organization, drinking distilled and reverse osmosis water can cause various health issues in both humans and animals. Therefore, the better alternative is mineral or spring water. Although this type of water can be expensive, the health benefits for your pet outweigh the cost.

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