Scientific Name: Amazona finschi
Average Lifespan: 40 to 60 years
Size: 13 inches
Color: Mainly green
Physical Characteristics of Lilac-crowned Amazon
Compared to other Amazon species, the Lilac-crowned Amazons are quite small in size with an average of 13 inches in length from head down to the tip of its tail. They could weigh up to as much as 11 oz or a little beyond that. Their body feathers are mostly green while their face is slightly brighter in color.
They have prominent red band across their forehead. Their head and crown area down to the collar are lilac colored (or washed violet), this is their distinct feature in which they are named after. Tail feathers are of yellowish green shading except the mid area of the tail which is completely dull green.
The male and female amazons are very similar in terms of physicality that is why DNA sexing is needed in order to determine the gender of the bird. This is important when pairing them for breeding purposes. Juvenile birds may also look the same as adult except that their eyes are dark brown and the color of the eye rings are lighter compared to adults.
Personality and Temperament
The Lilac-crowned Amazon is known to be good talkers but their skills and the quality of their voice when talking are not as good as some of the other Amazon parrot species. Some of them may never even learn to talk at all. For pet owners, they consider these birds as gentle pets with a quiet and sometimes shy personality. Their gentleness and low profile make them a preferred companion pet than the more aggressive species of amazons.
Once you earn their trust, handling and interacting with them will be easier because they will start showing the clowny side of their personality and makes them an enjoyable and amusing for their pet owners. They are also playful pets and like to make fun and bathe with water. If they are not provided with a water pan, they will take it upon themselves to play and bathe with their drinking water in the bowl which could make their cage wet and messy. Pet owners of this specie could attest that the Lilac-crowned Amazons are affectionate and clever and more so, very lively.
Health and Care
This Amazon specie is active and full of energy so aside from their daily exercise which is composed of climbing, playing, and wing spreading in a roomy bird cage, they also need some time out from their cage to have them spend their energy. Providing them with enriching activities is also necessary as they can get bored pretty easily. They have to be offered with safe bird toys and chewables for enrichment and beak exercise. Like other Amazons, excessive chewing is also one of the challenges when raising this type of bird. They can do very well in large aviaries with other non-aggressive Amazon parrot species.
They sometimes use their beaks to discipline their handlers and they discover this when they grow a bit mature that is why guidance is an essential part of their training. Even though they are somewhat non-aggressive, there will still be times that they can show signs of aggression particularly during breeding season where some hormonal changes takes place. Rescued birds particularly the young ones neglected and suffered some abuse may require special care and guidance to avoid negative behaviors. If necessary, rehabilitating them may be required.
History and Background
The Lilac-crowned Amazon is also known as the Finsch’s Amazon named after Dr. Otto Finsch. This specie has been recognized for more than a century now since its discovery by Dr. Finsch who wrote about over 400 topics related to these Amazon parrots.
This specie is nearly close to being listed as endangered due to its rapid decline of around 30% – 50% in just the course of 10 years. The causes for rapid population decline include habitat loss from forest destruction and illegal logging, pet trapping and poaching for pet trade purposes, and climate change. Nowadays, these species are slowly disappearing from their native regions in Mexico.
Female specie can produce a clutch with 3 eggs incubated for about 26 days. The young birds will start to fledge after 60 days.