Perfect Diet and Nutrition for Birds

One of the leading causes of illnesses and health issues for birds is malnutrition. In fact, most of these health cases result to untimely death. If you want to maximize the lifespan of your pet, it is a must to give the perfect diet and nutrition for birds such as a well-balanced diet that is composed of essential vitamins, minerals, protein, calories, and carbohydrates.

It is a fact that birds need to consume hundreds of nutrients on a daily basis. If this is not realized, your pet’s health will eventually deteriorate, and it will start to develop various health issues. What is the perfect diet for birds? Aside from the usual pellets, nut, fruits and vegetables, the perfect diet must include other food items that will provide more than what these regular bird foods give.

Perfect Diet and Nutrition for Birds

Photo: paweesit | Flickr


Similar to humans, protein plays a vital role in your pet bird’s overall health. Protein promotes better functions of the organs while also maintaining the health of cells. When choosing food items for your pet, make sure that they contain enough levels of amino acids. Aside from pellets, you must also provide plant-based food items that are good sources of protein.


Antioxidants are powerful substances that act as a protective barrier of the body from developing a wide array of sicknesses and health issues. This is important to include in the diet and nutrition for birds. When we consume high levels of antioxidants, our immune system becomes stronger as we become less at risk of various illnesses. This is also true for birds, who also need to consume food items that give antioxidant effects.

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Similar to humans, free radicals can easily attack and destroy healthy bird cells. If this happens, your pet can easily contract and develop various diseases especially those which are common with its species. Fortunately, there are thousands of powerful antioxidants that can protect your pet. Giving regular supply of foods and vegetables that are loaded with these antioxidants will do the trick.

However, you must still avoid giving food items that contain high levels of sugar and acids, which can be harmful to your pet’s health. In addition, heat destroys the antioxidants powers of various foods so make it a habit of giving fresh and raw vegetables and fruits to maximize the nutritional benefits. It is recommended to wash these food items in running water to prevent developing some bacterial infection and other sicknesses.

Including Vitamins in Diet and Nutrition for Birds

Another important element in diet and nutrition for birds is the constant supply of vitamins, which provide a broad range of functions including regulating metabolism and providing added energy. Compared to fats, carbohydrates, protein and water, which must all be consumed at high levels on a daily basis, vitamins only act as supplementary nutrition and can be taken on lower amounts.

Although most vitamins are needed by your pet, scientific research states that the most beneficial vitamins for birds that must constantly be provided are vitamins A, D3 and E. Vitamin A is classified into 2 types: retinol vitamin A, which is also called as the fat soluble vitamin, and vitamin A in the form of beta-carotene. Retinol vitamin A is more valuable to birds because it increases immunity against various diseases that are commonly linked to birds. It also strengthens the resistance to sicknesses while maintaining proper health of cells and allowing the production of healthier ones.

Vitamin E is the best antioxidant source when it comes to preventing free radicals. It minimizes the risk of developing health issues including cancer and cardiovascular diseases. In addition, it allows the repair of damaged cells and tissues while also promoting the growth of healthier ones.

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Vitamin D3 is called the sunshine vitamins because it is largely produced when your pet is exposed to sunlight. This is the reason why you must let your pet have daily outdoor time especially when you are keeping it inside your house. In the wild, there is no issue with regards to producing this vitamin as they spend most of their time under the sun. It is recommended to allow your pet some outdoor activities in the morning when the effects of the sun are healthier. Aside from keeping your pet’s skin nourished, Vitamin D3 is responsible for maintaining a balanced level of calcium and phosphorus, which are both essential in having good overall health.

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