Scientific Name: Amazona pretrei
Origin: Argetina, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay
Average Lifespan: 50 years or more
Size: Up to 13 inches
Color: Mainly green
Sounds: Relatively quiet with occasional noise
Physical Characteristics Red-spectacled Amazon
The Red-spectacled Amazon could grow up to 13 inches in length and weigh as much as 11 oz. Their primary body feather is green in color. They have prominent red marking on their head, lores, forehead and some areas of their ears. This red marking makes them look like they are wearing a spectacle or a mask in which their common name was derived from. They also have read marks on their shoulders and black edges on their wings. Other parts of their body are tinged with blue and yellow shades. Their iris color is yellowish orange, horn-colored beaks, and grey feet.
The female Amazon have lesser red marks on their shoulders and that is the only difference they have from the male species. DNA sexing is required to actually determine their gender. The juvenile birds may look exactly like the adult birds but their iris is dark brown and the red marking all throughout their body is paler than the matured Red-spectacled Amazons.
Personality and Temperament
The Red-spectacled parrots are quieter compared to other Amazon species but they do sometimes make occasional noise when they are in groups. What makes them ideal pet birds is because of their inquisitive personality and their very calm disposition. They are very gentle and pleasing to their handlers. They are playful and they are fond of playing with water and bathing. They also enjoy it when they are being sprayed.
Beginner pet owners who would want to go for larger parrots with colorful personality and distinct physical appearance that are good for display can go for this well-mannered Amazon specie.
Health and Care
This Amazon specie is a hard chewer which means that of you are going to have one for a pet, make sure to give them a large metal cage that are non-toxic because if housed in a wooden cage, this bird will most likely chew his way out from it. Offer fresh wood branches to chew on as well as entertaining bird toys that are safe to chew.
During breeding season, it would be best to separate the pair from others if you have a large aviary because at this time, these birds may have aggressive tendencies and would like to be left on their own. They would prefer a quiet place without much distraction. If they get stressed from noise and intrusion, there is a possibility for the pair to leave their eggs and neglect them.
Their natural diet in the wild is composed of fruits, flowers, berries, and nuts. In captivity, make sure they are eating specialized parrot pellets to give them the nutrients they need. Offer them foods that are close to what they eat in their natural habitat. Give them apples, bananas, berries, oats, wheat, seeding grasses, and vegetables. You can also offer seed mixes with grains, safflower, millets and various bird seeds.
History and Background
The Red-spectacled Amazon is also known as Pretre’s Amazon. In the wild they form groups of up to 150 birds. They like to be in large flocks composed of other non-aggressive Amazon species.
The female Amazon can give birth to up to 3 to 4 eggs and incubates it for up to 27 days. The hatchlings will start to fledge at about 55 days from birth but the parents still continue to feed them until they become fully independent and can search for food on their own. This specie reaches their sexual maturity at 3 to 4 years of age.
Their natural instinct during breeding season is to be quiet to avoid predators from discovering them and being attacked but outside the breeding season they can create occasional noise especially when they are flocked with other birds. These days the Red-spectacled Amazon is very rare and is somewhat close from being extinct. Their decrease in population is contributed by illegal hunting and trapping for pet trade of the Amazon parrots, destruction of their natural habitat, and global warming.