Yellow-Billed Amazon or Yellow-Billed Parrot
Scientific Name: Amazon collaria
Origin: Jamaica and the West Indies
Average Lifespan: up to 50 years or longer
Size: up to 11 inches
Color: Mainly green with white and blue facial markings and white crown area
Physical Characteristics of Yellow-billed Amazon
The Yellow-billed Amazon is known for its yellow colored beak which is their main difference compared to its black-billed cousin. The majority of its body feather is green. The facial markings, forehead, and the feathers that circle around the eye area are white while its iris is brown in color. Its crown is bluish grey and fading to white as it goes down the upper cheek area. The lower cheeks and majority of the lower body is covered with pinkish red feather while the feather lining is of bluish green shade.
The juveniles of this breed are also mainly green in color and with exact similar physical characteristics of an adult except that there is little white color in forehead or no white at all. Their throat is not as pinkish too and their lores have grey marking which will eventually fade as they reach their full adulthood. They also have a much darker iris when at younger age.
Personality and Temperament
The Yellow-billed Amazon is a very active bird. They love to fly and do this as their form of daily exercise to prevent them from becoming obese. In the wild, they can fly as far as they could to look for food. They can create loud, high-pitched sounds and are normally noisy any time of the day but mostly in the evening and early in the morning.
They are social in nature and can get along just fine with other birds of different species. These birds can be tamed especially at a young age but during their breeding period they must be separated from other birds to give them privacy and prevent any aggressive response. They are chatterers and can become great talkers too.
Health and Care
These birds are becoming a rare specie these days with its declining population, that is why it is important that these birds, particularly the ones that are highly capable of breeding, must be kept in a bird-friendly environment or a well-maintained breeding facility.
The Yellow-billed Amazon can easily get obese when housed in small cages that is why placing them in aviaries or extra-large cages is vital as these birds love to fly a lot and this activity gives them the right amount of physical exercise they need to maintain a healthy body.
These birds like to chew a lot especially on woods that is why their cage must be made from non-toxic metals as they can chew their way out and escape from their cage if made from wood. Provide them with toys for amusement as well as pieces of wooden blocks or twigs and branches for them to chew on.
Aside from housing them properly, giving them nutritious as well as bird foods that are less in fat is equally important. Like any other bird kinds, the Yellow-billed Amazon must be fed variety of foods such as bird seeds and mixed grains. Fruits and vegetables (particularly the greens) must be part of their diet.
When in breeding period, offer them food that are rich in protein. You can give them baby cereals and whole grain cereals and bread soaked in clean water or water with some pure honey.
History and Background
These birds were once very abundant in Jamaica and West Indies which is their native origin, but due to deforestation, cutting down of trees, illegal logging, and the rampant illegal pet trade, the population of Yellow-billed Amazon has been diminishing slowly together with the other Amazon bird species. They are also known as the Red-throated parrots.
Yellow-billed Amazons usually flock in small groups. A female bird can produce 2-4 eggs and incubates for 26 days or about 4 weeks then fledge after about 8 weeks of age. To determine the gender of these birds, breeder has to perform DNA testing or surgical procedure as this species is monomorphic which means their appearance are very similar even if they are from opposite sexes.